NEW YO R K
PAINT is a protective coating.
The right kind of Paint is
and durable ; neither dries out
nor dusts off, does not check,
peel or flake. When properly
applied, it stays where it is placed
until in the course of time, it
wears out like everything else —
then a second coat is needed.
The manufacturer who claims
his paint is everlasting, knowing-
ly misleads the consumer, for
he promises more than he can
perform, and, if the consumer
expects the impossible, he de-
ceives himself and assists the
manufacturer in the deception.
The Standard Paint Company
Woolworth Buildiii)>, New York
1818 So. Clark Street
Copyright 1918 by
The Standard Paint Company, New York
TABI.E OF CONTF.NTS
SPECIAL PRESERVATIVE PAINTS 3
OIL PAINTS ^ ^^" ^
Structural Brand Paints
MASONRY PAINTS 6 to 8
Cement Floor Finishes
BITUMINOUS PAINTS 9 to 13
P & B Acid Resisting
Special P & B Acid Resisting
S P C Non-Inflammable
S P C Flexible Iron
Star Brand Asphaltum
S P C Boiler and Stack
Peacock Brand Ready Roofing Paint
S P C Asphaltum Vakmsh
S P C Floor Varnish
IMP ASBESTOGUM cement. 15
I SPECIAL PRESEH^.OT]VE: RMNTSl
T^HE object of this booklet is to present in a concise manner the
I properties and uses of the various paint preparations manufactured
by The Standard Paint Company.
In glancing over the following pages it will be observed that the products
described come within the category of "Special Paints" rather than "Or-
dinary Paints." A Special Paint is manufactured for a definite purpose,
whereas Ordinary Paints include house paints and coatings that may be
put to a variety of uses.
To obtain successful results with any Paint, it is primarily essential that
it be manufactured skilfully and honestly. A part of the responsibility,
however, falls upon the consumer, and it is equally important that he
should know how to correctly use the Paint. In the case of a Special Paint
he should understand for what particular purpose it is intended. The
very best Paint is doomed to failure if used under adverse conditions, or
for purposes for which it is not adapted.
Responsibility, therefore, is divided equally between the manufacturer and
the consumer, and to fully comply with our portion thereof we issue this
booklet. Preservative Coatings may be grouped into three general classes:
First Oil Paints
Second .Solvent Paints
OIL PAINTS consist hirgely of Linseed Oil mechanically mixed with
powdered colored pigments. They dry by oxidation, or in other
words, by absorption of atmospheric oxygen. During this process
the oil gains about 12 per cent, in weight, becoming converted
into a tough, flexible film. Flexite Paints, Structural Brand Paints
and Masonry Finishes come within this class.
SOLVENT PAINTS consist of inert gums, dissolved in volatile solvents
with or without the addition of pigments. These do not dry by
oxidation, but set by the evaporation or loss of the solvent. Sol-
vent Paints will not spread over as great an area as oil paiats.
S P C Flexible Iron Paint, Peacock Ready Roofing Paint, P & B
Paint, SPG Non-Inflammable Paint, Boiler & Stack Paint, and
the Star and Special Brands of Asphaltum Paint are included in
this class. We use no coal tar in any of our paints.
VARNISHES are intermediate between the other two classes. They do
not contain powdered pigments, but consist of gums combined
with linseed oil and dissolved in a volatile solvent. They dry
partially by evaporation and partially by oxidation. This class
includes the SPG Asphaltum Varnish, S P C Floor Varnish and
SPG Cement Floor Filler.
The tables on page 16 convey a general idea for what purpose the
above coatings are to be used. A fuller description, however, will be found
in the text under each heading.
^^ OIL F> Ai ^rr 3 Jl
COLORS:— Black, Red, Olive, Green, Grey and Light Grey, also
, Graphite, (Dark Grey,)
COMPOSITION: — They contain inert pigments ground impalpably
fine, in pure linseed oil combined with other substances of a peculiar
nature, the function of which is to overcome the inherent porosity and water-
absorbing properties of the oil, thus rendering it moisture repellent and
increasing its weather resistance.
FLEXITE PAINTS contain as small an amount of drier as is
consistent with fairly rapid drying qualities.
CHARACTERISTIC PROPERTIES:— FLEXITE PAINTS dry
by oxidation in from 12 to 24 hours under normal conditions, forming
lustrous coats, which retain their original gloss for an exceptionally long
period. They cover well, spread easily and work freely under the brush.
When dry the coatings will resist the actions of lubricating oil, petroleum,
etc. They stand up exceptionally well under exposure to locomotive gases
and other corrosive fumes.
USES:— FLEXITE PAINTS are recommended for all metal work
exposed to the weather, such as structural steel, iron or metal buildings,
bridges, steel cars, car trucks, metal roofs, fences, gas holders, etc.
They are not intended for metal work continually submerged or
immersed in liquids for long periods at a time.
APPLICATION:— FLEXITE PAINTS should be applied in two
coats, or one coat may be applied over a prime coat of red lead and oil.
The metal surface should be absolutely clean and free from moisture,
grease, rust, mill scale, dirt and loose or detached coats of paint. The
paint should not be applied in rainy or
freezing weather and only when all
surfaces are thoroughly dry. Stir
well, so as to bring the pigment into
uniform suspension. They will spread
600 to 700 square feet to the gallon,
depending upon the condition of the
New galvanized iron before paint-
ing should first be treated with a special
preparation which we can recommend
for the purpose. This treatment is
absolutely essential in order to prevent
subsequent peeling, as no oil paint will
of itself hold on galvanized iron. In
case thinning is found necessary, use
only pure spirits of turpentine.
STRUCTURAL BRAND PAINTS
COLORS:— Black, Red, Yellow, Green, also Graphite. (Dark Grey.)
COMPOSITION :— These are good durable paints made on the same
order as the PLEXITES, but with a slightly lower quality oil.
CHARACTERISTIC PROPERTIES:— Dry by oxidation in from
24 to 36 hours under normal conditions. Work easily and spread well,
although they will not spread quite as far as the FLEXITE PAINTS.
USES:— STRUCTURAL BRAND is recommended for all general
exterior work, both for wood and for metal, where, for any reason, an oil
paint lower in price than FLEXITE is required.
COLOR:— Black, Red, and Green.
This is a unique product, composed of the same ingredients that have
been used for over twenty-five years in manufacturing the weather-coating of
CHARACTERISTICS:— RU-BER-INE has much greater penetrat-
ing properties than the ordinary asphalt paints and, unlike them, does not
dry out upon exposure to the weather, but retains its pliability and tough-
ness for a long time. It will adhere to any surface and will dry fairly firm
in 12 to 24 hours.
USES: — Designed for use prin-
cipally as a coating for prepared
felt roofing, but is likewise highly
efficient for metal roofing. It will
withstand the action of smoke and
fumes exceptionally well, and will
hold its color.
APPLICATION : — It spreads
about 200 square feet per gallon on
felt roofing, and 225 to 250 square
feet on metal. One good coat is
usually sufficient. It may be thinned
with naphtha if necessary.
s p c
COLOR :— Black.
COMPOSITION:— Consists of a highly waterproof and weatherproof
basCj dissolved in a volatile solvent.
CHARACTERISTIC. PROPERTIES:— Dries by evaporation to a
tacky coating in from 12 to 21 hours. It attaches itself firmly to all
varieties of masonry^ and possesses the additional feature of permitting
the subsequent application of plaster or cement directly upon the layer of
paint, forming a tenacious bond therewith. It prevents all external moisture
or dampness from entering the plaster or cement, avoiding the possible
formation of stains and discolorations, and assists in maintaining an
even temperature in the building. When used on the inside of buildings
not to be plastered, heavy whitewash may be applied over it.
USES: — For dampproofing foundation walls, floors or any masonry
that may be exposed to moisture. In brick buildings, when applied on the
inside of exposed walls, it dispenses with the necessity of furring and lath,
thus effecting an economy in both cost and space.
APPLICATION: — The surface of the masonry should be finished
as smoothly as possible, and all joints should be well filled. The paint
should not be applied to wet surfaces, but it wiU, however, form a bond with
masonry that is but slightly damp. It needs no stirring and is supplied
ready for use. Apply -a liberal coat, taking care to cover the surface welL
Where the masonry surface is smooth, one coat of S P C DAMP
PROOFING PAINT will prove sufficient. It is' recommended, however^ that
two coats be applied to avoid de-
fective joinings and pin-holes and to
insure a good even surface, since the
porosity of the wall may not be
entirely uniform. Twenty-four
hours should be allowed to elapse
before applying the plaster over it.
The paint will spread from 60 to
100 square feet per gallon, depend-
ing upon the condition of the under-
lying surface. S P C DAMP
PROOFING PAINT will effectively
prevent all inroads of dampness, but
it is not recommended to withstand
the direct and continuous action of
water. See page 7 for S P C Clear
Damp Proofing paint for OUTSIDE
S P c
CLEAR DAMPPROOFING PAINT
COLOR: — Transparent and recommended for outside work.
COMPOSITION: — Consists of a colorless base and solvents.
CHARACTERISTIC PROPERTIES:— It will cover about 400
square feet per gallon and spreads easily.
USES: — Designed especially for the outside of brick or cement struc-
tures where leakage through the walls occurs, and where it is not convenient
to waterproof the walls on the inside, or to apply a colored paint on the
outside. It will darken cement slightly, but its effect is hardly noticeable
on brick work.
The S P C CLEAR DAMPPROOLING PAINT carries a greater
percentage of base than is found in most other clear paints of this character.
APPLICATION:— Care should be taken to see that the paint is well
brushed on and thoroughly fills all voids. Two or three coats should be
applied. To obtain best results the paint should be spread during warm
or moderate weather, as it will congeal at low temperatures.
(See page 6 for S P C DAMPPROOFING PAINT for the inside
of walls before plastering.)
S P c
COLORS: — Natural, Cream, Mentone Yellow, Brick Red, Caenstone,
French Caenstone, Cement Grey and White.
COMPOSITION: — Consists of a flat-drying colored enamel.
CHARACTERISTIC PROPERTIES:— Spreads about 200 square
feet per gallon and is highly weather resisting.
USES:— S P C MASONRY
FINISH is designed principally for
use on brick or cement walls, either
inside or outside. The first coat
should be allowed to dry 24- hours be-
fore applying the second coat. When
used on the outside of walls more than
two years old S P C MASONRY
FINISH may be applied in two coats
without the use of the Primer. On
walls that have stood for a shorter
time, S P C MASONRY PRIMER
should be used for the first coat, and
S P C MASONRY FINISH as the
second or finishing coat.
This material should not be applied until the masonry has been al-
lowed to cure 3 to 4 ^veeks. The walls must be thoroughly dry, particularly
if they are painted on the inside, as any moisture sealed in the walls, is
sure to work its way out and injure the coating. S P C MASONRY
PRIMER should be allowed 24- hours to dry before following with the
second coat— S P C MASONRY FINISH.
: MASONRY FINISH.
S P C MASONRY PRIMER will spread 160 to 200 square feet per
S P C CEMENT FLOOR FILLER (Clear)
For First Coat
S P C CEMENT FLOOR FINISH (In Colors)
For Second Coat
COLORS: — The Filler is Transparent. The Finish is manufactured
in eight standard shades.
COMPOSITION:— The Finish consists of a varnish with colored
CHARACTERISTIC PROPERTIES:— The Filler combines with the
free alkali in the cement, forming a substance which inhibits further action
and renders tlie floor liard and dustless.
The colored Finish dries to a hard,
enamel surface in 12 to 21- hours.
USES: — The friction to which a
cement floor is ordinarily subjected
results in a constant dusting and sepa-
ration of the fine particles from the
surface. This action can be oA'ercome
by the use of S P C CEMENT FLOOR
FILLER as a first coat, followed
by a second coat either of the samt
material, or of S P C CEMENT
BITUMI NOUS PAINTS ^
Acid Re^istm^ and Protective
P & B PAINT
This is one of tlie oldest and bt st known aeid-resistins; paints on the
COMPOSITION: — Consists of a practically indestructible mineral
base dissolved in one of the most volatile and penetrating solvents knovvn.
It is entirely free from coal tar.
CHARACTERISTIC PROPERTIES :— It is prepared in three grades.
No. 1, the thinnest, whicli dries almost immediately, resulting in a maximum
<iegree of penetration, with a spreading capacity* of about 200 square feet
to the o^allon. No. 2, is the standard grade, which dries in about a quarter
-of an hour^ and spreads about 150 square feet to the gallon. No. 3
possesses a fairly heavy body, forms a thick surface coating, dries in about
a half hour, and spreads in the neighborhood of 100 square feet to the
gallon. All three grades will dry to highly lustrous, hard, black coatings,
which will withstand the action of acids, alkalies, brine and other corrosive
solutions, and will not soften at temperatures under 195° F. They will not
however, resist the action of oils, lubricants and petroleum vapors.
USES: — Suitable for coating pipes, cables, condensers, etc. When dry
it is absolutely odorless and tasteless, and may therefore be used to
advantage on the interior of receptacles to contain water, cider, vinegar,
etc., without danger of tainting the liquids. It may also be used for
lining vats, tanks, barrels and casks. It is unequalled for protecting the
floors, sills and other parts of stock, dairy and refrigerator cars, subjected
to the action of water, urine, brine, etc. It is adapted for work around
smelters, for painting cyanide tanks;
also for cold-storage and ice-plants,
etc. The heavy grade is especially
adapted for waterproofing brick work,
cement and concrete, and for all sub-
merged or underground work, includ-
ing cables and conduits.
APPLICATION:— P & B PAINT
need not be stirred or mixed, but is
ready for instant application. It
should be flowed on quickly, owing to
its rapid drying properties, and for
this same reason all packages should
be kept tightly sealed when not in use.
to prevent thickening. In case thinning
is found necessary, use nothing but
P & B THINNER, which may be pro-
<:ured from the manufacturers.
P & B FAIST— Continued
CAUTION :--Care should be exercised not to use P & B PAINT in
the vicinity of a flame, as the solvent is highly inflammable^ and owing to
its penetrating vapors, it should not be aj^plied in confined spaces where
there is poor circulation of air. For such places including the interiors of
tank cars use S P C NON-INFLAMMABLE PAINT.
SPECIAL P & B PAINT
COMPOSITION:— Special P & B PAINT is precisely the same as
the regular brand, with the exception of the solvent. Regular P & B
PAINT throws off heavy vapors i>ossessing a somewhat strong odor, but
by using a different solvent. Special P & B PAINT is rendered practical-
ly odorless, which makes it particularly desirable for use in confined spaces.
CHARACTERISTIC PROPERTIES:— Special P & B PAINT is
prepared in one grade corresponding to regular P & B PAINT No. 2, and
possessing the same spreading capacity and but slightly slower drying
properties. The characteristics of the Special P & B PAINT when dry
are precisely the same as the regular P & B PAINT.
USES:— Same as for P & B PAINT, but particularly adapted for
confined places, where gases given off by the latter might be found objec-
tionable. It should not be used in the vicinity of a flame, as the vapors are
APPLICATION:— Apply the same as P & B PAINT. Should thin-
ning be necessary, use Special P & B THINNER, which may be obtained
from the manufacturers.
S P c
COLOR :— Black,
COMPOSITION:— Possesses all the virtues of P & B PAINT, but
differs from this and the Special P & B PAINT in that its vapors are
neither toxic nor inflammable. The base used is precisely the same, the only
difference being in the nature of the solvent.
CHARACTERISTIC PROPERTIES :— It dries in about two hours,
and the dried coating is serviceable up to temperatures of 180° F. It spreads
the same as No. 2 P ^' B PAINT: viz., 150 square feet to the gallon.
USES: — It may be used in confined spaces, where a naked light must
be employed, as its vapors will not ignite at temperatures under 125^"' F..
but care sliould be taken to provide free access of air during its application,
otherwise the vapors given off will displace the air and interfere with
respiration. It is particularly adapted for interiors of tank cars, vats,
cooling rooms, etc., and for use by tanners and cider and vinegar manu-
facturers. It may be used on either wooden or metal surfaces.
APPLICATION:— It dries somewhat slower than No. 2 P & B
PAINT. Should the paint thicken bv evaporation of the solvent, do not
use anything but the S P C NON-INFLAMMABLE THINNER which
may be procured from the manufacturers.
S P c
FLEXIBLE IRON PAINT
COLORS:— Black and Maroon.
COMPOSITION :— A tough, rubbery inert base, dissolved in a suit-
able volatile solvent^ and ground with pigments.
CHARACTERISTIC PROPERTIES:— Dries by evaporation in from
two to three hours, forming an elastic, durable, lustrous, weatherproof coat,
which will not check, melt, blister or peel.
USES: — Especially adapted for painting metal roofs and gutters,.
and all interior metal work, such as machinery, tanks and the like.
BLACK FLEXIBLE IROX PAINT is recommended for the under-
frame work of cars, trolley poles, fenders, etc., and for metal or wood
work submerged underground, or immersed in water. It will be found
valuable for coating ice cans as it will not chip at low temperatures, and
on account of its body will stop leaks in old cans. BLACK FLEXIBLE
IRON PAINT is likewise a fair insulator and will withstand approximately
300 volts per thousandth of an inch.
When dry, both the BLACK and the MAROON FLEXIBLE IRON
PAINT will withstand temperatures up to 145° F. without softening.
FLEXIBLE IRON PAINT should not be used where it is liable to come
in contact with alkalies, nor will it resist the action of lubricating oils or
The paint may be prepared for dipping by the addition of turpentine.
APPLICATION :— Have surface
absolutely clean. The paint should be
stirred thoroughly to bring the pig-
ments into uniform suspension. Will
spread in the neighborhood of 250
square feet per gallon. Should it be
found that the paint thickens, due to
the evaporation of the solvent, it may
be brought back to its original con-
sistency by thinning with turpentine.
As the vapors are inflammable,
care should be taken not to apply the
paint in the vicinity of an exposed
STAR BRAND ASPHALTUM PAINT
(A Medium Grade)
COMPOSITIOX: — Consists of asphalt dissolved in a volatile sol-
CHARACTERISTIC PROPERTIES:— It dries by evaporation to a
firm and lustrous coating in about two and a half hours.
USES: — Recommended for general purposes and particularly for ap-
plication to rough machinery, pipes,
gas meters and other metal or wooden
implements which are not to be sub-
jected to extreme service or rough
usage. Will not withstand the action
of lubricating oils or the effects of
APPLICATION:— If the paint ^
thickens, it may be brought to its orig- S
inal consistency by thinning with "^
benzine. Spreads about 250 square
feet to the gallon.
SPECIAL ASPHALTUM PAINT
COLOR :— Black.
COMPOSITION:— Consists of asphalt dissolved in a volatile sol-
CHARACTERISTIC PROPERTIES :-
three to five hours.
-Dries by evaporation in from
USES: — Recommended for use where long wearing qualities are not
essential. This is a low priced competition grade of paint which obviously
cannot be relied upon for long exposure to weather. For protecting metal
parts in transit or for temporary protection, this paint will be found an
excellent and economical material. It forms a glossy coat, and spreads
250 feet per gallon. Should the paint thicken from loss of solvr-nt, it may
be thinned with benzine or naphtha.
S P c
BOILER AND STACK PAINT
COMPOSITIOX: — A varnish-like preparation designed to withstand
high temperatures, exposure to the weather and corrosive fumes.
CHARACTERISTIC PROPERTIES:— Dries by evaporation, but the
coating hardens upon being subjected to the action of heat, causing it to
undergo a process of baking. This results in the formation of a smooth^
hard, glossy coating which will neither peel or blister. Care should be taken
not to apply the paint near an open fire, although it may spread without
danger of igniting on warm surfaces,
USES: — For application to
boiler fronts, metal stacks, steam
pipes, radiators, etc. It is not rec-
onmaended for surfaces heated higher
than 600^ to 700° F.
APPLICATION : — Have sur-
faces absolutely clean and preferably
cold. When applied to cold sur-
faces the coating ^vill air dry in
about six hours, and will then harden
solely upon heating. It spreads in
the neighborhod of 250 square feet
to the gallon, and may, if necessary,
be thinned with benzine.
PEACOCK BRAND READY ROOFING PAINT
COMPOSITIOX: — Consists of an asphalt base dissolved in a volatile-
CHARACTERISTIC PROPERTIES:— Dries by evaporation to a
tough, elastic coating, in from three to five hours.
USES: — Adapted for painting ready roofings.
APPLICATION:- The surface of the roofing should be dry and free
from dirt. This paint will spread in the neighborhood of 200 square feet,
to the gallon.
COMPOSITION: — Consists of a mixture of high grade asphalt, com-
Dined with pure linseed oil and solvent.
CHARACTERISTIC PROPERTIES:— Air dries to a dust-free
coating in about two hours^ and sets to an extremely hard and highly
resistant coat in 12 to 18 hours, which will withstand abrasion and hard
wear. It is adapted for both indoor and outdoor wood and metal work,
and will maintain its lustre for a long time upon exposure to the weather*
The dried coating will resist the action of lubricating oil, and will not soften
up to a temperature of 212° F,
USES : — For high grade machinery
locomotive cabs, tenders, passenger car
equipment iron work, such as hand rails,
truss rods, door posts and sills, motor
and dynamo cases, etc.
APPLICATION :— S h o u 1 d be
flowed on, and will form a smooth coat,
free from brush marks. The surface
should be perfectly clean, and free from
moisture, grease and rust. The varnish
needs no stirring, and it will spread in
the neighborhood of 500 square feet to
the gallon. If necessary turpentine
should be used as a thinner.
COLOR ;— Transparent.
COMPOSITION: — Good varnish gums combined with linseed and
China wood oil, dryers and solvent.
CHARACTERISTIC PROPERTIES :-Air dries to a dust-free coat
m about four hours and forms a glossy, tough and durable coat in 24 to
S P C Floor Varnish is pale in color — flows verv readily under the
brush and contains sufficient oil to impart to it an iinusuil degree of extreme
USES:— For indoor woodwork only. It answers admirablv for floors,
furniture and trimming. It will not easily scratch or mar.
APPLICATION:— The wooden surface should he sand-papered
Muooth, well filled, rubbed down and then one or two coats of S P C Floor
\ am.sh applied. After a 24-hour interval it may be rubbed down if desired
It wiU spread in the neighborhood of .500 sq. ft. per ^rallori .-ind in case
of necessity can be thinned witii turpentine.
IMP ASBESTOGUM CEMENT
The Stop Leak Cement A Material of Many Uses
IMP ASBESTOGUM is a plastic composition^ made from asphalt, a
volatile solvent and fibrous matter. When set it is thoroughly waterproof
and pliable, and will hold firmly to felt or metal roofings, cement, brick
work, wood and glass. It may be applied with a trowel. Invaluable for
pointing up around chimneys and fire-walls or for spreading over leaky
roofs. It may be applied to either wet or dry surfaces, and in all kinds of
weather. Especially adapted for steam boiler settings, to make them air-
tight, resulting in the saving of fuel, and at the same time protecting the
wall by excluding moisture entirely.
Put up in 5, 10 and 50 lb. cans, half barrels of about 275 lbs., and
barrels of 150 lbs.
Circulars and further information upon request.
TABLE SHOWING USES OF THE STANDARD
PAINT COMPANY'S PAINTS
WOODWORK SUBJECT TO DIRECT
ACTION OF ACIDS AND ALKALIES
INSIDE OF RECEPTACLES CONTAIN-
ING CIDER. VINEGAR. WATER.
P & B PAINT
SPECIAL P & B
FOR CYANIDE TANKS
INSIDE OF STOCK. DAIRY AND
S P C NON.
COLD-STORAGE, ICE-PLANTS AND
UNDERGROUND CABLES AND
GAS METERS AND PIPES
WOOD FLOORS AND TRIM
S P C FLOOR
INTERIOR METAL WORK
UNDER FRAiyiEWORK OF CARS.
TROLLEY POLES AND FENDERS
HIGH GRADE MACHINERY
LOCOMOTIVE CABS AND TENDERS
PASSENGER EQUIPMENT METAL
MOTOR AND DYNAMO CASES
S P C
8 P C
S P C DAMP
I EXTERIOR AND
8 P C
S P C CEMENT
S P C CLEAR
STRUCTURAL STEEL BRIDGES
STEEL CARS AND CAR TRUCKS
1 MET*'. AND
CORRUGATED IRON. ETC.